SHINAR (Heb. שִׁנְצָר), place-name referring to mesopotamia , the area once termed Sumer and Akkad. In Genesis 10:10 the name Shinar as a geographical name appears alongside the names of such ancient Mesopotamian sites as Babel (Akk. Bāb-ili), Erech (Akk. Uruk), and Akkad. So, too, the Septuagint transcription of the name (i.e., Σεννααρ) is replaced by the rendering "Babylonia" in, e.g., Isaiah 11:11 and Zechariah 5:11. Various attempts have been made to determine the etymology of Shinar, relating it, in some way, to the name Sumer (see sumer ). Whatever its ultimate etymology, the designation Shinar for Mesopotamia is paralleled in the el-Amarna letters (EA 35:49), where it appears as šanḥar, as well as in Egyptian records, where it is written sngr. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.A. Knudtzon, Die El-Amarna Tafeln (1964), 1080. (Murray Lichtenstein)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Shinar — (Hebrew he. שִׁנְעָר Šin ar , Septuagint Σεννααρ Sennaar land of the rivers ) is a broad designation applied to Mesopotamia, occurring eight times in the Hebrew Bible. In the Book of Genesis 10:10, the beginning of Nimrod s kingdom is said to… …   Wikipedia

  • Shinar — Shinar, Schinear ou Sinhar (en hébreu שִׁנְעָר Šin ar, en grec Σεννααρ Sennaar) est un lieu mentionné par la Bible en Mésopotamie dont la localisation exacte est inconnue. Ce nom viendrait de la déformation de Shene nahar (« deux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shinar — [shī′när] region mentioned in the Bible, prob. corresponding to Sumer, in Babylonia …   English World dictionary

  • Shinar — A plain in Babylonia (modern S. Iraq), where the tower of Babel was supposed to have been built (Gen. 11:2). Some of the Israelite exiles were to be rescued from there (Isa. 11:11). In Zechariah s seventh vision the wickedness and guilt of Judah… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Shinar, The Land of —    LXX. and Vulgate Senaar; in the inscriptions, Shumir; probably identical with Babylonia or Southern Mesopotamia, extending almost to the Persian Gulf. Here the tower of Babel was built (Gen. 11:1 6), and the city of Babylon. The name occurs… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Shinar — geographical name a country known to the early Hebrews as a plain in Babylonia; probably Sumer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Shinar — /shuy nahr/, n. a land mentioned in the Bible, often identified with Sumer. * * * …   Universalium

  • SHINAR —    the vast alluvial plain extending along the Tagus and Euphrates, forming the country of Chaldea and Babylonia …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Shinar — Shi•nar [[t]ˈʃaɪ nɑr[/t]] n. bib geg a land mentioned in the Bible, often identified with Sumer …   From formal English to slang

  • Shinar — /ˈʃaɪna/ (say shuynah) noun the biblical name of Babylonia, or the southern part known as Sumer …  

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